Archive for the ‘Technology’ Category


Dear Readers

I have been neglecting this blog for a long time now…… gosh I can’t even remember when I last posted here.

The reason being that I have been working on a new Social Networking site in Asia Pacific Region. The social networking site is similar to Facebook, Bebo, Hi5, MySpace and the list goes on… What its great about this site… is that it is owned and run by me (yours truely) but also have moderators from over the Pacific Region.

Yu Tok Organization or Yu Tok Social Network is a growing social networking for Young people and those who are young at heart in Papua New Guinea and across the Asia Pacific Region.

The site has the following Features;

  • Discussion Boards
  • Chat Rooms
  • Groups
  • Videos
  • Music Site
  • iMagazine
  • iPaper
  • Games Arcade ( over 200 plus)
  • C31 – our new Partner in our quest for a community TV

From the day that I launced the website and till now here are my stats;

466 members 1557 photos
372 songs 77 videos
103 discussions 63 blog posts

Not to mentioned I have 10, 435 visitors from 59 countries.

And the amazing thing is people are signing up almost every day…..

So if you looking for a place to hang-out with wantoks or friends….. and wanting to create a network and meet people….check the site out.


My media training class where asked to do podcasting. So what is vodcasting??

According to WikipediaVideo podcast (sometimes shortened to vidcast or vodcast) is a term used for the online delivery of video on demand video clip content via Atom or RSS enclosures. The term is an evolution specialized for video, coming from the generally audio-based podcast and referring to the distribution of video where the RSS feed is used as a non-linear TV channel to which consumers can subscribe using a PC, TV, set-top box, media center or mobile multimedia device.”

So my small class which I have been facilitating for media training armed with a digital camera started to take short clips of them to upload onto youtube as part of their training. But because we there are 10 of them… we decided to make just one video and combine smaller ones together. I decided also to add a few pictures I took on my trips around PNG so it gives a PNG flavor to the video. While the final product was not as impressive…. due to lack of better video editing software… I was able to upload something.

There has been an interesting discussion also on Masalai blog about Government TV and my good friend Badira has suggested that digicams and camcorders would be easily accessible to young people who would produce short clips and make content out of it to be aired on TV. So maybe this is the first step towards such activities….a crash course on social media. 

Traveling in PNG

Posted: March 8, 2008 in Information, Out n About, Technology

The youth social media training with MediaSnackers have introduced me to a new site called Animoto. This is site is a place where you can upload your pictures and it will create a video of them. It can also factor in music for your folders so you can have a slide-show of pictures with music.

 Anyway… this interesting site has prompted me to upload pictures of my trips to Manus, Goroka, Wewak and Miline Bay so I can share with people. The short video is only 30 secs long as longer versions will costs a few cents.

 Well, hope you enjoy the pictures!

Okay.. okay… I can’t seem to embed Animoto on wordpress…. so I’ll just make a short video and upload to youtube for viewing.

Laters people


Young People in Papua New Guinea are taking on a Social Media Course. Thanks to Media Snackers, Pacifikayouth, Youth Action for Change and Yu Tok Oragnization, these youths are being taugh basic media tools via an online training. This training course started yesterday, 13th February and will run for 5 weeks.

The facilitators from Media Snackers are based in Europe and the participants are in Papua New Guinea and Tonga. This is a first time for such a training program to reach cross borders and it defies time difference for young people. It all shows the desire to learn social media by young people.

The program was initiated & organized by Pacifikayouth (formerly Youth for a Sustainable Future Pacifika) who have been empowering Pacific youth for four years through initiatives such as the Pacific Youth MDG Summit in 2005, the Pacific Youth MDG Toolkit in 2006 and advisory roles to key development organizations on youth policy.

MediaSnackers, who are coordinating the training with partners from the UK, Germany and Italy will focus on empowering the participants to think about sharing their local stories to a global audience. MediaSnackers Founder said. “It’s an honor to be involved in a such a unique project. Nothing like this has ever been done before and we’re looking forward to seeing, reading, watching and hearing the content which is going to be produced.”

The program is facilitated through the innovative online learning portal developed by Youth Action for Change who have won several global awards for their pioneering work.In Port Moresby, these enthusiastic youths took to the task in their first course and that was to create a weblog. “I am so excited about this blog course. I want to type and type and write about everyday stuff” says Everlyn. Other media tools and softwares to be taught and be used in the course are;– Skype
– Wikis
– YouTube
– Weblogs
– Flickr
– Podcasting/vodcasting

Kevin O’Sullivan, Chief Executive Officer for Digicel was ordered to leave the country immediately by David Tibu because he did not have a proper working permit to be in Papua New Guinea. Mr. O’Sullivan and 4 of his colleague where asked to depart PNG by the Secretary of Labour and Industrial Relations.


Now, I am not a great fan of Digicel even though I have to do business with them, but I think Mr. Tibu must be on a witch hunt here. There are so many illegal immigrants in Papua New Guinea and many of them are operating businesses which are reserved for nationals to do. Yet, Mr. Secretary has turned a blind eye and decided to go after someone who is generating a lot of growth in the economy.


A copy of Mr. Tibu’s letter was sent to Mr. Peter Loko who is the Chief Executive Officer for Telikom, Digicel’s main competitor and rival. Now that raises the question of why Telikom was copied on this letter. If it was all about breaching working permits, I don’t see any point Telikom needs to be copied.


It’s weird!!

 Digicel Logo

Digicel CEO ordered to leave

Labour and Industrial Relations Secretary David Tibu has ordered Digicel’s chief executive officer Kevin O’Sullivan to leave the country immediately.
He has also ordered five senior expatriates of the Irish-owned mobile phone company working in East New Britain to leave.
Mr O’Sullivan is overseas until later this week but it is not clear if he left because of the order or because of his own plans.
It is understood Mr Tibu has issued the orders in a letter signed by himself because Mr Sullivan and his colleagues were allegedly working in the country without having proper work permits.
Labour Department yesterday confirmed a letter was written to Mr O’Sullivan and his officers but could not further comment on the issue as it was the duty of Mr Tibu to officially comment.
Labour also confirmed the letter was delivered to the company executives but could not detail the date of departure. The Post-Courier contacted Mr Tibu while he was having his New Year function yesterday but he refused to comment.
It is understood the letter has also been delivered to Industrial and Relations Minister Mark Maipakai for consideration.
Mr O’Sullivan is understood to be aware of the orders. It is not known if the other five are still in PNG.

Digicel permit ‘breach’DIGICEL chief executive officer Kevin O’Sullivan yesterday refused outright to reveal how he came into Papua New Guinea to do business without a work permit.
Mr O’Sullivan, who came into the country a few months ago, is wanted by the Labour Department for conducting business and working without a proper work permit.
But Digicel executives (named) told the Post-Courier yesterday Mr O’Sullivan and the other expatriates had valid business visas. However, the Foreign Affairs office advised work permits were given before business visas were issued and that business visas varied.
The Post-Courier called Mr O’Sullivan three times in his Fiji apartment but he refused to comment, adding he had not received or seen the letter from the Labour Department wanting him to show cause.

Mr O’Sullivan has denied revealing how he entered the country without a work permit, as he tried to solve the issue in “confidential” talks with Labour and Industrial Relations Minister Mark Maipakai.

However, Mr Maipakai has over-ridden his department secretary David Tibu’s advice not to accept any pleas from the controversial mobile phone company.
Mr O’Sullivan confirmed yesterday “we are at open discussions with the minister”.
A COPY of Mr Tibu’s letter dated December 21 obtained by the Post-Courier and also sent to Telikom CEO Peter Loko, the Chief Secretary Issac Lupari, and Chief Ombudsman Ila Geno stated Mr O’Sullivan and Mr Maipakai had a discussion on that issue last month.

Thus, Mr Tibu appealed to Mr Maipakai stating: “My Good Minister, I appeal to you for your support and that we are united in our stand to weed out from this country, illegal foreign workers. Please allow the show cause process to be completed before any appeals to the Office of the Minister, is allowed to be made.”

Mr O’Sullivan was asked if he had discussions with Mr Maipakai and he admitted: “Yes, we had discussions”. Asked what they discussed, he said: “That would be confidential between us and the minister. I am not going to make any comments to the newspaper because it’s professional to conduct my business with the minister.”

Asked if he had received a letter notifying him and his staff to show cause, he said: “You got the letter before I did so I won’t make any comments until I see the letter.”
Mr Tibu’s letter said: “First, let me explain that as an administrative function by law, I have issued a Show Cause letter to Digicel on 7 Dec 2007, as to why the nine female employees were terminated from their jobs on 22 November 2007 by the financial controller (named) who had no valid work permit to be working in PNG. Due to the nature of the matter, we wanted to hand deliver the show cause letter to Digicel’s head office in Gordon,” Mr Tibu stated.
He added: “Digicel refused to receive the letter at the gate, four times on Monday 10 Dec, 2007. In the end, we had to post it at the Port Moresby Post Office.”
Thus, Labour delivered another Show Cause letter, because Digicel was treating the department with contempt, Mr Tibu stated.

“Digicel has not complied with the requirements for foreign employment in this country. Indeed we have penalised the first nine non-citizen employees for working in the country whilst on Business Visas. This is illegal and it shows that Digicel has no respect for our labour laws. We have been reliably informed that there are many Digicel employees working whilst on business visas, which needs further investigation.”

You can make a good thing better. With three successful deliveries its credit, the fourth series of the Microfinance Training of Trainers course opened on August 16 at the Tokyo Development Learning Center (TDLC), with 653 participants in 52 countries. It it the first time that the course incorporates Moodle, an open-source learning management system that is accessible free of charge to anyone with Internet access. The course is organized by the TDLC, the Asian Development Bank Institute, and the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) in collaboration with the World Bank Institute.

The need to reach participants beyond capital cities drove the course team to experiment with the Moodle platform. Internet-based interactions are combined with videoconference sessions, but most participants experience the entire course online from registration to viewing the videoconference lectures via webcasting. New features to increase outreach and effectiveness keep the course current, and allow participants to tailor their learning experience to their individual needs. For example, nearly half of registered participants in this offering have selected online tutoring to help them complete the course

“Today we live in a world where more than three billion people do not have access to formal financial services. Providing access to microfinance is providing people a chance to improve their own lives”, said Mario Lamberte, Director of Research at the Asian Development Bank Institute

The course runs through the end of November Participants will complete a final exam online, and successful candidates will be accredited as UNCDF Microfinance Distance Learning Course trainers. Since its first offering in 2005, the course has accredited 91 trainers. Eleven graduates of previous courses are serving as online tutors in this offering.

For more information visit

Why is GreenCom in shades?

Posted: October 10, 2007 in Information, Technology

Now that GreenCom is ready to play soccer, it be good now. I was trying to look up GreenCom on Google but I couldn’t locate them on the web this was earlier in the year when Digicel and Telikom was playing football.Anyway, my search ends today as I finally found Greencom on the web. But ……the website is incomplete!! Oh……and to add to that, GreenCom is offering services to UK only. But wait……GreenCom website says they are based in Ireland. Isn’t Digicel based also in Ireland?? I’ve always thought that GreenCom is an Indonesian Company. Maybe I should do a search on GreenComNow my nose may be stuffed or something but my mind is running crazy at the moment. Just last week

Pangtel accuse Digicel of illegally using Greencom’s mobile spectrum. Digicel and GreenCom did a joint statement that there was no illegal use of the spectrum. So if the owners of are from Ireland, could it be a coincidence?? Maybe they are owed by the same person or family or something??

Here is a link to check

Any so we will really have a mobile competition in Papua New Guinea at last

This is confusing now. I’ve always though that there will always going to be a mobile competition and the Government was NEVER going to throw Digicel out of the country. But Sir Mekere Morauta question Hon. Arthur Somare why the Government is doing a U-turn and letting Digicel stay.Am I the one confused here or is Sir Mekere Morauta the one confused??

What I understand is that, there was never an intention by the Somare Government to do away with Digicel but to only give Digicel an OPERATOR license and not a CARRIER license. The carrier license should be owned by the STATE and Telikom is the sole CARRIER. B’mobil, Digicel and GreenCom are all OPERATORS using the Telikom’s gateway.


Here is the correct link on GreenCom. They are an Indonesian company and not from Ireland. Here is something about GreenCOm


As a new Telecommunication Firm in Jakarta, GTI has been working as a full telecom services in Indonesia from 2006. GTI specializes in Operator and Telecommunication Industry. With professionals staff and we combine with overseas experience and good skill.

GTI is dedicated to excellence in telecommunication, management and quality services and shares the commercial philosophies of the business community. To provide full services to the Indonesia and PNG markets, fulfilling the needs of communication, growth thru profitable partnership. We believe that everyone is a customer, learning to become a good business, analytical services, fun and friendly, we are your contact point to coordinate all activities from inception to occupancy. The strengths we offer to you include:

• Well experienced management team, depth knowledge in telecommunication industry
• Strong Implementation Team and well experience in heavy competitive market
• Proven experience in core and non-core GSM architecture
• Own Engineering and Design Center
• Own the expertise of construction and GSM network operation
• Strategic partner with local key person
• Committed engineering and planning team
• Expansion capabilities to other related telecom business such as value added, WiMax and data center
• High knowledge in convergence IT and Telecommunications expertise


GTI’s has GreenCom Ltd as subsidiary company. Awarded by PNG government on GSM Mobile license in August 2006. GreenCom PNG Ltd will operate as a GSM Operator Company and it’s expected to be launched on 2007 in Papua New Guinea. GTI’s staffs are trained to become Leadership, confident, optimist, resilient and responsible. This ensures that informed decisions will be made throughout the planning process. GTI will assemble the necessary team of professionals from a variety of disciplines to carry out the business.

GTI’s has JTC or Jogja Telepun Cerdas as subsidiary company. GTI partnering with Indosat Starone CDMA that deploy CDMA network in Jogjakarta areawhich. The service has launched in Q4 2006 and started to get customers in Jogja.

GTI business expansion also in wireless broadband access by offering affordable internet access to residential in Jakarta. The service plan to launch in may 2007. GTI also enhance the service by having internet portal as one stop solution for wireless internet access, content and IT solution.


Everyone is customer
As a new corporate with another line business from Mother Company, GTI sees itself requires worthless transition. Telecommunication becomes increasingly challenging every time. The development of advance technology and more complex business entity have involved the way people think in telecommunication process. Everybody has become a good leadership to makes their own confident, optimist, resilient and responsible with their jobs and their client or customers. Open minded with the new business environment and competition. Makes advantage for costumer, employee satisfaction, GTI trying to makes long term relationship with everyone even customer and other company, makes them comfort and prosperous in the business.

Fun and Friendly
This culture make GTI are trying to make our environments are enjoyable, working togetherness and make a good team work to doing all jobs with mutual respect.

Keep learning
Every single person in the world has to be learning about them self from the environment to increase the knowledge. Working and praying is the important one that will give us the best result. Expansion oriented to become more a good person and brave to take challenge for the goodness.

Our way of life in the global competition has to appearance us to become creative by bringing ideas that lead to several innovations to build a dynamic business strategies to achieves our goals and to make a life.

Accessing Broadband Internet via HF Radio has stirred a lot of interesting companies in Papua New Guinea and the World. Interest in the new technology has given Telikom the run for its money especially with the looming competition with GreenCom and Digicel.

A good friend of mine pointed out something that arouses my interest so I decided to share with you my readers. So what’s that curiosity about?? It’s about JINDALEE!! Let me quote this article

“Australia is using a sophisticated new radar network that can detect stealth bombers, curb illegal immigration and spy on neighboring nations from at least 3000 kilometers away. The $A1.8 billion Jindalee Operational Radar Network (JORN) has taken more than 30 years to complete but is now undergoing final trials. JORN is designed to monitor air and sea movements across 37,000km of largely unprotected coastline and 9 million square kilometers of ocean. It is being used to cast a security shield across Australia’s remote northern approaches without the high cost of maintaining constant maritime and air patrols.” View here

So can you see my line of thoughts yet?? Not quite??…..Okay……here are some more…
“JORN is the front-line of Australia’s wide area surveillance capability and is likely to remain so for at least the next two decades,” Mr. Ric Smith, Australia’s Secretary for Defense, said” View here

Still not seeing where I am coming?? Here is the last one
“The Jindaleee Radar System was a great example of the Australian ability to think outside the square. Scientists concluded that if the bomber could not be detected, perhaps the turbulence it makes passing through air could be. While standard radar sends a signal along line of sight until it bounces off a target ship or aircraft, Jindalee bounces signals off the ionosphere, which lies above the stratosphere and extends about 1000 kilometers above Earth. The signal then bounces down onto its target.” View here

The Broadband Internet via HF Radio uses the IONOSPEHRE to bounce of it’s signal as in my earlier posts……the Jindalee Radar System also uses the IONOSPEHRE to bounce of its’ signal. So if we can develop the system and build our communication network using the proposed project, Papua New Guinea will be looking to match Australia in its security effort.

But the only difference will be the cost. We can build the protective shield to detect stealth bombers for only $1.8 million while Australia’s is $1.8 billion…of course….there may be other infrastructural costs as well….but I’m just being safe here.

So can Papua New Guinea move forward now??? I hope so!!

Last time I posted something about accessing Email on HF Radio. Well, things have now changed. No longer can you just access email on HF Radio but you can also access broadband internet via the HF Radio. You can surf the net, watch TV, do Video Conference and so much more. This is all thanks to the Brilliance of one Papua New Guinean, Wilfred Amai.


Wilfred who owns Skylink Technology is putting Papua New Guinea at the Top of the World. PNG has now an alternative to satellite dish. Gone are the days of satellite, gone are the days of cables. PNG will go wireless and be the FIRST in the World to access Broadband via HF Radio. It is just as similar as using Email on HF Radio, but the only difference is SPEED.It is a thousand times faster and you can download a 34Mbytes data less than 3 seconds and the speed is increasing. He is working on developing the speed to reach Giga bytes per second. It seems impossible at first but Wilfred as discovered an innovative NEW technology that has been PATENT in Australia. No-one can copy his work.So the war is brewing now, as we have just made a presentation to Telikom and already Digicel is calling for another presentation.More to come!!


SKYLINK Communication Limited is an IPA registered 100% Papua New Guinean owned company specializing in the research and development of innovative Communication Systems.

The main vision of the company is to develop and market a cheaper and more robust communication system that is user friendly and as an alternative to existing systems of telecommunication. The company derived its inspiration from the fact that PNG’s geographical and topographical setting rendered telecommunication in PNG very unreliable, ineffective and costly.

Rationale of behind the use of Ionosphere
The ionosphere is the upper most part of the atmosphere and is ionised by solar radiation. This gives ionosphere its property to refract radio waves such as short-wave. When using High Frequency bands, the ionosphere is utilized to reflect the transmitted radio beam. The beam returns to the earth’s surface, and then be reflected back into the ionosphere for a second bounce. The ionosphere in its sense acts as a satellite for Radio waves.

Ionosphere at 300km in the atmosphere will refract HF communication signals carrying large amount of data in real time improving on delay effects experienced by geo-stationary satellites at 36 000km.

The present invention relates generally to a data transmission system and in particular to a system for transmitting and receiving data at very high speed over a standard wireless HF communication link. Although HF radio frequency data transmission systems have been in existence for many years, no one has yet found a way to transmit large volumes of audio, video and data content in a real time, high speed environment. What that means is that this new invention can now enable people to send and access large volumes of data (through the internet) cheaply using the HF system everywhere, including rural areas.

This high speed communication system has also been developed to ensure the security of data communicated through the network, whilst redundancy has also been built into its systems so as to maintain uptime as much as possible.

Redundancy means having alternate routes for data traffic to be routed in the event of the default route malfunctioning. Redundancy also means having backup power in the likely event that main power goes off. It means building ‘intelligence’ into the network to enable it to automatically adapt to failing data traffic routes without human intervention i.e. the use of routers with automatically updated routing tables constantly determining the next best route.

In terms of compatibility, this communication system is compatible with all standard internationally approved equipment. This allows all types of computers and peripherals to be connected to the network. In fact, the system has been initially trialled in the presence of PANGTEL in January of this year, 2007, to ensure that it complied with regulatory standards of the use of the HF channel and that it didn’t interfere with other commercial users of the Radio Frequency Spectrum in any illegal way.

The trial involved downloading a 22 megabyte file in approximately 20 seconds using a narrow channel standard HF frequency at around 4.920 MHz. This translates into a speed of approximately 9 or 10 Mbps. This is more than 3,000 times faster than a commercial HF data transmission system. That is because commercial HF Data communication systems are only known to be able to work at speeds of up to around 24 kbps at the most. Apart from government and corporate dignitaries, there were also technical specialists from PANGTEL and other HF communications companies present at the trials to verify the system.

A year ago, I had the opportunity to attend the launching of the World Development Report for 2007 in Singapore. This launching coincided with the IMF/World Bank annual meeting for the year 2007. The Report was focused on young people and is titled Development and the Next Generation. This particular report is interesting as it recognizes the importance of young people and encourages governments to invest in youths.

What is World Development Report?
The World Bank’s annual World Development Report (WDR) is an invaluable guide to the economic, social and environmental state of the world today. Each year the WDR provides in depth analysis of a specific aspect of development. Past reports have considered such topics as the role of the state, transition economies, labor, infrastructure, health, the environment, and poverty. The reports are the Bank’s best-known contribution to thinking about development.
World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation.
So why is the World Bank interested in young people? Two simple reasons

Reason One

  • “There’s never been a better time than now for countries to invest in the next generation”

  • There has been an enormous progress over the past 30 years in terms of education world wide and the decrease in infant mortality

  • But this progress brings further challenges such as, “Are there enough jobs? Does the education prepare us for the daily lives? We encourage more primary education, but what about secondary education?”

Reason Two

  • We have the largest Youth Bulge ever

  • The youth bulge in the population pyramid due to decreasing fertility rate and growing aging population

  • Falling fertility rate leads to lower demographic dependence (a lot more working population) however this dependence will increase eventually in some countries due to the aging population.

  • Policies and institution matters- human capital and skills development

  • Which paths do developing countries follow?

The 2007 Report: Development and the Next Generation uses five transitional stages that youths go through in life and uses those transitional phase to find gaps for investment. These transitional stages are: Going to School, Staying healthy, finding a Job, Leaving home & starting a family and Exercising citizenship.

According to the World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation, developing countries which invest in better education, healthcare, and job training for their record numbers of young people between the ages of 12 and 24 years of age, could produce surging economic growth and sharply reduced poverty.

With 1.3 billion young people now living in the developing world-the largest-ever youth group in history-the report says there has never been a better time to invest in youth because they are healthier and better educated than previous generations, and they will join the workforce with fewer dependents because of changing demographics.

“Such large numbers of young people living in developing countries present great opportunities, but also risks,” says François Bourguignon, the World Bank’s Chief Economist and Senior Vice President for Development Economics.

“The opportunities are great, as many countries will have a larger, more skilled labor force and fewer dependents. But these young people must be well-prepared in order to create and find good jobs.”

The World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation use three lenses to look at social issues affecting young people around the world. Expanding Opportunity, Enhancing Capacities and providing Second Chances.

  • Opportunity to build skills and safe guard them e.g. education, relevance of the education system.

  • Opportunity to be heard, positive ways to make that mark e.g. Brazil’s consultation with youth before policies are made

  • Is there support for young people to help them make right choices? E.g. In Bangladesh there are bank accounts in the names of girls as they were willing to study and remain unmarried until they do so this has helped increase the enrolment rate of girls in terms of education. It was very successful.

  • Second chances to allow young people to get back on track and recover

  • To ensure that there are no parallel system for those who have succeed and those who fail.

  • Restoration rather than retribution

“Most developing countries have a short window of opportunity to get this right before their record numbers of youth become middle-aged, and they lose their demographic dividend. This isn’t just enlightened social policy. This may be one of the profound decisions a developing country will ever make to banish poverty and galvanize its economy,” says Emmanuel Jimenez, lead author of the report, and Director of Human Development in the World Bank’s East Asia and the Pacific Department.